Essays On Personality Theories
Personality theories have been explored for years by psychology experts. There are different definitions depending on who you ask and what you learn, but personality theories are basically looking at characteristics that make up a person. They may have emphasis on how they feel about something or how they perceive an idea through personal behavior. Such information is compared with others to learn about different opinions, feelings and other actions of the mind. There are several types of personality theories that continue to be reviewed today that continue to pose a number of questions.
To give a basic idea of different theories you can think about how you feel about certain subjects, events and other things that regularly occur in life. A number of theories were named after researchers that helped explore the theory and provide more meaning and possible understanding. Freud’s Theory explores what creates personal drive. These elements include impulses for sex, food and aggressive behaviors. Some of these theories were explored during childhood to help understand their origins in how they develop in the human psych. An example of this element includes psychosexual development and how humans have tendencies that develop during childhood years when considering aspects of gratification and pleasure.
Freud also reviewed the human ego and what elements may contribute to it and how it varies on different levels. Eysenck’s theory reviews another element of people’s personalities. This researcher was behind developments of a technique test that helps determine a person’s state of mind. This researcher learned about neuroticism, extraversion and psychoticism. These aspects explore characteristics such as active, easygoing, calm, quiet, reserved, etc. Overall, this theory explored how a person is considered to be stable or unstable. How a person responds to stress and the nervous system are additional elements the Eysenck theory explored.
Cattell’s theory challenged Eysenck’s theory due to different beliefs. Cattell’s theory didn’t agree with the three dimensional element of Eysenck. Cattell’s research was based on childhood performance in school and specially designed questionnaires that gathered unique information on personalities from an individual perspective. Cattell’s theory tapped into a person’s psyche using a mathematical formula. Many of these personality theories date back to the mid-1800s through mid-1900s. They offer unique insight in how people respond and react to the world around them through personal thoughts, acts, genetics and overall existence in their own environment.
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Personality theories are elements behind famous thinkers that have provided more insight on how things around us are perceived from a psychological standpoint. Some of the world’s most famous thinkers such as Erik Erikson and Sigmund Freud introduced some of the most thought provoking theories that continued to be studied today. Overall, many researchers have learned more about psychological development of humans but many theories that have come along were challenged while being influenced by influential thinkers of past time.
One theory includes genetics being responsible for how a person develops their personality. This sparked research to be completed on the factors of heredity and genetics. Evidence was found that certain actions or thoughts may promote the body to activate certain chemicals that would arouse or stimulate the mind to perform certain options. Some theories challenged this and others were changed to try and support it. In many cases it was thought that heredity is possible because certain forms of human behavior are known to be found in other people, especially if they are related. Such theories help to understand development of personalities from a young age.
Another theory suggests personality is inspired by the environment and people surrounding an individual. What you observe may have some form of influence on how you feel, but others were not too thrilled about it as this may lead to personal feelings instead of elements of personality. But people were observed in part of a study to help understand whether there was as form of validity to it. Freud influenced psychodynamic theories that lead to further study of what influences childhood experiences and the unconscious mind. Erikson’s theory was also influenced with this in development of stages of psychosocial theories.
Freud believes ego played a role in personality development but with morals. The ego acts as a driving force between demands and reality. Erikson felt personality happened in stages but with conflict at each point of change. Humanists had their own theories as well with part of the focus leaning toward self-actualization and need for personal development. The trait theory carries a considerable amount of weight as it believes a person has characteristics or certain traits that cause certain personalities to be known. This has helped to provide more understanding of how a person behaves through different stages mentally and throughout their lifetime.