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Answers Critical Thinking Quiz Phi 103 Critical Thinking

1.Since Jessica’s participation in local politics increased significantly after she joined her school’s political science club, it is clear that her involvement in that club led her to take an interest in politics. The argument above is flawed because: it’s possible that an interest in politics caused Jessica to join the political science club2.People have claimed that Jamie’s paintings have given them the blues. Clearly this cannot be entirely correct, since many of Jamie’s paintings contain no blue atall. The argument above is flawed because the author: misinterprets a key term3.Reporter: A new campaign finance reform bill being considered by Congress would limit the amount of campaign contributions that political candidates can receive. However, a survey of candidates running for mayor, governor, and senate seats shows that not one of them favors the bill. Clearly, there is no desireamong politicians to limit campaign contributions. Which one of the following points out the flaw in the reporter’s argument above?: The views of candidates currently running for office do not necessarily represent the views of all politicians.4.All sages provide both wisdom and inspiration. Since Dasha’s speech contained wisdom and greatly inspired her audience, Dasha is a sage. Which one of the following points out the flaw in the argument above?: Just because Dasha satisfied two requirements of being a sage doesn’t necessarily mean that she satisfies all the requirements of being a sage.5.Mrs. Orlof teaches two history classes, one in the morning and one in the afternoon. Yesterday she gave the same test to both classes. Anyone who failed the test must take a retest. Since a greater percentage of students who took the morning test failed the test than students who took the afternoon test, more of Orlof’s morning history students than afternoon history students will have to take the retest. The conclusion above is not necessarily valid because: more students may have taken the test in the afternoon than in the morning6.Catherine goes to her local movie theater only to see romantic comedies. SinceCatherine did not go to the movies yesterday, there is not a romantic comedy playing at her local theater. The reasoning above is flawed because the evidence: does not suggest that Catherine goes to see every romantic comedy that7.The untimely death of Professor Hathaway halted his groundbreaking research into the uses of solar power. It therefore appears that Hathaway’s research will not result in practical applications.Which one of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the argument?: Professor Hathaway’s research can be used by other scientists to create useful applications.

 Student Answer: outlining in mathematical form the premises and conclusions of anargument  arguments related to morality  creating a dialogue between arguing parties  persuading the audience to which one is speaking Instructor Explanation:The answer can be found in Section 1.4, “Arguments Outside of Logic,” of With Good Reason: A Guide to Critical Thinking. Points Received:1 of 1 Comments:Question 4.Question :The word “because” is __________. Student Answer: a conjunction  a bad word to use if you want to make your argument clear  an premise indicator  not a good word to start a sentence Instructor Explanation:The answer to this question can be found in Section 2.2, “Extracting Arguments in the Standard Form,” of With Good Reason: A Guide to Critical Thinking. Points Received:0 of 1 Comments:Question 5.Question :Premises and conclusions have which of the following in common? Student Answer: They are components of arguments.

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